]]]]]]    SOLZHENITSYN ON THE NUCLEAR UMBRELLA AND THE FREEZE    [[[[[ 
              WHAT HAVE BEEN THE WEST'S CHIEF MISTAKES?
         Interview by J. Train, Wall Street Journal, 06/23/83

 Since 1918, the West has made only mistakes, one after the other, 
in dealing with the Soviet Union...
     [...]
     The single worst mistake of the post-war era was relying on the 
"nuclear umbrella." False confidence in this "umbrella" relaxed the 
West, sapping its strength. Freedom does not depend on any "umbrella," 
it depends on stout hearts and steadfast men. Today the "umbrella," 
neutralized, no longer protects, but the habit of weakness, of lack of 
courage, persists. As a result, the West lies greatly weakened before 
the expansionist aims of the Soviet Union.

COULD WESTERN BROADCASTING TO THE SOVIET UNION BE MORE EFFECTIVE?
     Yes. In fact, it is a matter of the greatest importance. Today, 
all broadcasts into the Soviet Union are shackled by the naive and 
idealistic concept that we need above all to have good relations with 
the Soviet government. As long as this delusion is considered a prime 
policy objective, the Western governments will be responsible for un-
dermining their own world. Such broadcasting is now bound by a narrow 
restriction: It should say nothing against Lenin, it should never in-
sult the Soviet government. This policy is insane. Almost every man, 
woman and child is sick of Leninism. The West, standing on the brink 
of catastrophe, has immensely strong allies of whom it makes no use: 
the people of the Soviet Union, and indeed, of the other subjected 
nations. It must stretch out its hands to those oppressed people."

IS THE SOVIET UNION SERIOUS ABOUT ARMS CONTROL?
     "There are two Soviet Unions. The people -- millions of them -- 
dream of an end to wars, to armaments. The government, to the contra-
ry, does not contemplate that idea even for a minute. It does, of 
course, want the WEST to disarm. But not one item of Soviet military 
equipment will ever be given up."
     
WHAT ABOUT OUR YOUNGER PEOPLE AND THEIR CONCERN ABOUT DISARMAMENT?
     "It is normal to be afraid of nuclear weapons. I would condemn 
no one for that. But the generation now coming out of Western schools 
is unable to distinguish good from evil. Even those words are unac-
ceptable. This results in impaired thinking ability. Isaac Newton, for 
example, would never have been taken in by communism! These young 
people will soon look back on photographs of their own demonstrations 
and cry. But it will be too late. 
     "I say to them: You are protesting nuclear arms. But are you 
prepared to try to defend your homeland with nonnucler arms? 
     "No: These young people are unprepared for ANY kind of struggle."


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