"[In late October 1935,] Churchill published an article in the 
"Strand" magazine in which he again focused attention on the "fero-
cious doctrines of Nazism, and the enforcement of these doctrines 
"with brutal vigour." He was particularly scathing about Hitler's 
anti-Jewish measures. "No past services," he wrote, "no proved patrio-
tism, even wounds sustained in the war, could procure immunity for 
persons whose only 'crime' was that their parents had brought them 
into the world." 
     Every kind of persecution, Churchill noted, was practiced, and 
"glorified," on the Jews of Germany, from world-famous scientists, 
writers and composers, down to "the wretched Jewish children." Similar 
persecution had fallen upon Social [Democrats], Communists, Trade 
Unionists and liberals. "The slightest criticism," he pointed out, "is 
an offence against the State."
     Side by side with the training grounds for new armies, and the 
great aerodromes, Churchill noted, "the concentration camps pock-mark 
the German soil." In these camps thousands of Germans were being 
"coerced and cowed into submission to the irresistible power of the 
Totalitarian State."
     Churchill then drew attention to Hitler's book, "Mein Kampf," 
written ten years before, full of hatred of France and vitriol against 
the Jews, who were to be declared "a foul and odious race." [...]
     Churchill believed Hitler would not become "a gentler figure in a 
happier age," for even as he spoke his words of reassurance to Western 
Europe, arms of all sorts continued to pour out of Germany's factories 
at as great a rate as ever: rifles, cannons, tanks, bombs, poison gas, 
aeroplanes and submarines, in "ever-broadening streams."
     Once more, the German Government protested officially about Chur-
chill's attack on the Head of the German State [though Churchill was 
not a member of the government and had no other official standing 
then]. The tone of his article, so the British Ambassador reported 
from Berlin, "is much resented here." The text of the German protest 
includ[ed] Hitler's own angry question: "What is to be the fate of the 
Anglo-German Naval Agreement [allowing Germany to rearm at sea] if the 
writer of this article is to be the Minister of the British Navy?"
     Many political commentators assumed that Churchill would indeed 
receive a Cabinet office after the election. Some spoke of the Admi-
ralty, as Hitler had done...
     However, Churchill's hopes of a Cabinet post were dampened by a 
speech which [Prime Minister] Baldwin made, in answer to the Labour 
Party's accusation that a Conservative victory would be a danger to 
peace, as it was pledged to "a vast and expensive armaments program."
     Answering this charge at the Peace Society on 31 October 1935, 
Baldwin pledged: "I give you my word there will be no great arma-
ments." And he went on to speak indirectly but hopefully of Germany 
     The General Election took place on 14 November 1935... Churchill 
increased his own majority at Epping...
     [He] returned to Chartwell, to await a letter or telephone call, 
offering him a cabinet post. But no such summons came.
                    From "Winston Churchill: The Wilderness Years" by 
                    M. Gilbert, Houghton-Mifflin, Boston (1982)
                         * * *

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